Fun Facts – Autumn/Fall
- In Autumn, the weather starts to get colder and we have to start wearing coats and sometimes gloves and scarves when we go outside.
- Autumn is one of four seasons. It is the transition between Summer and Winter.
- The leaves of the trees die and fall to the ground.
- Lots of animals prepare to hibernate before the weather gets too cold and eat as much food as they can in autumn so they can sleep through the winter.
- The days become shorter in Autumn (so it gets dark earlier at night)
- Autumn is generally the months of September, October and November.
- Harvest festivals are normally celebrated in early Autumn.
- Lots of other events happen in the Autumn, like Halloween, Guy Fawkes Night in the UK and Thanksgiving in the USA.
- It’s not autumn everywhere – read below about how seasons are different around the world.
Did you know…
- The official day for the first day of autumn is based on astronomy – the movement of the sun, moon and planets.
- Twice a year something called the equinox occurs. This is when the tilt of the Earth’s axis is perfectly in line with the sun (not tilted towards it or away from it).
- In autumn, the Northern Hemisphere starts to tilt away from the sun after the Equinox in September – and gets colder. In spring, the Northern Hemisphere starts to tilt towards the sun after the Equinox in March – and gets warmer.
- The first equinox of the year (which occurs in March) is the official first day of Spring in the Northern Hemisphere. The second equinox (which occurs in September) is the official first day of fall/autumn for the Northern Hemisphere.
- Because the exact day and time of the equinox changes each year so does the first day of autumn.
Understanding the Northern and Southern Hemispheres…
- The Earth is split in two sections by an invisible line going around the middle called the Equator. All the countries which are north of the Equator are classed as being in the Northern Hemisphere. The Northern Hemisphere includes countries such as the USA, Canada, the UK and Europe, China and Japan.
- All countries which are south of the Equator are classed as being in the Southern Hemisphere. The Southern Hemisphere includes countries such as Australia and New Zealand, South America and South Africa.
- The Northern Hemisphere and the Southern Hemisphere have seasons which are completely opposite from one another because when one side is tilted towards the sun, the other side must be tilted away from it. So the first day of autumn/fall in the UK is the first day of spring in Australia.